The Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series 2014 follows the traditional high diving format and is a mix of the rules from FINA and HDA. Divers hand in their planned dives the day before the first day of competition – dives shall consist of two required dives of a fixed Degree of Difficulty (DD) of 3.8 and two optional dives assigned a Degree of Difficulty computed from the HDA (High Diving Alliance) table – and are scored by five high-diving judges.
The winner of each individual tour stop is the diver with the highest points total from all four competition dives and the ranked athletes from each tour stop will be awarded with points according to the table below. The winner of the Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series 2014 will be the athlete with the highest overall points after seven competitions.
10 permanent divers will participate in the 2014 World Series. Each tour stop in 2014 will feature up to four wildcards. Even though wildcard divers may only compete in one or two individual events, their results will count the same as for any of the permanent divers. A diver must perform at least one dive in competition to be included in the final result.
Seeding Round: 1 required dive (DD 3.8) - 14 divers. Results determine the pairings for the head-to-head the following day. Points count towards the final results.
Round 1: Head-to-head: 1 required dive (DD 3.8) - 14 divers
Round 2: Head-to-head: 1 optional dive - 14 divers
Final Round: 1 optional dive - 8 divers
Ahead of each competition a draw will determine the diving order for the Seeding Round. The Seeding Round will feature one required dive with a fixed DD of 3.8, the results of which will determine the pairings for the two head-to-head rounds (Rounds 1 and 2) the following day; 1st goes against 14th, 2nd against 13th, etc.
In the head-to-head rounds, all divers do one required dive (DD 3.8) and one optional dive. In the event of 14 divers starting the competition, seven winners will advance from the head-to-heads, taking into account their total score from Rounds 1 and 2 and the Seeding Round. There will also be one lucky loser (the diver with the highest score of all the beaten divers). The eight remaining divers will do a second optional dive in the Final Round. The diving order will be determined by the points accumulated from the first three rounds of dives and will be in reverse order. The winner will be the one with the highest points total from all four competition dives.
Divers will receive points that will be tallied to produce the World Series ranking. Per event the scores are as follows:
World Series Tour Stop Ranking
- Ranked 1st: 200 points
- Ranked 2nd: 160 points
- Ranked 3rd: 130 points
- Ranked 4th: 110 points
- Ranked 5th: 90 points
- Ranked 6th: 70 points
- Ranked 7th: 60 points
- Ranked 8th: 50 points
- Ranked 9th: 40 points
- Ranked 10th: 30 points
- Ranked 11th: 20 points
- Ranked 12th: 10 points
- Ranked 13th: 9 points
- Ranked 14th: 8 points
Judges and Scoring
Five judges out of a pool of 15 have been selected and confirmed for each competition.
- Claudio de Miro (ITA) – Head Judge, FINA official and former member of the Italian diving team
- Antonio Martinez (MEX) – Substitute Head Judge and FINA official who has been competing in high diving shows since 1988
- Steve Foley (AUS) – Three-time Olympian and first male Australian to reach finals in both springboard and platform at the Games in 1984
- Ken Grove (AUT/AUS) – Two-time Olympian and Orlando Duque's first high diving coach
- Andrey Ignatenko (UKR) – Former World Series diver and winner of the first event in La Rochelle in 2009
- Greg Louganis (USA) – Four-time Olympic gold medallist
- Sara Massenz (ITA) – FINA official and former member of the Italian diving team
- Anke Piper (GER) – Winner of the 10m platform event at the European Championships in 2002
- Marion Reiff (AUT) – Competed in synchronized platform at the Olympic Games in Sydney in 2000
- Renato Rossi (ITA) – Former member of the Italian diving team
- Jeff Arbon (AUS/UK) – Competed at the Olympic Games in Seoul in 1988
- Dimitri Sautin (RUS) – The most decorated diver of all time with a total of eight Olympic medals
- Slava Polyeshchuk (UKR) – Former World Series diver and winner of the 1996 Cliff Diving World Cup
- Julian Llinas (ESP) – FINA judge, judged three Olympic Games
- Rolando Ruiz Pedreguera (CUB)
STOP 1: CUBA Claudio de Miro (ITA) • Antonio Martinez (MEX) • Ken Grove (AUT/AUS) • Rolando Ruiz Pedreguera (CUB) • Renato Rossi (ITA)
STOP 2: USA Claudio de Miro (ITA) • Greg Louganis (USA) • Steve Foley (AUS) • Antonio Martinez (MEX) • Jeff Arbon (AUS/UK)
STOP 3: IRELAND Claudio de Miro (ITA) • Marion Reiff (AUT) • Julian Llinas (ESP) • Slava Polyeshchuk (UKR) • Sara Massenz (ITA)
STOP 4: NORWAY Claudio de Miro (ITA) • Andrey Ignatenko (UKR) • Renato Rossi (ITA) • Anke Piper (GER) • Jeff Arbon (AUS/UK)
STOP 5: UKRAINE Claudio de Miro (ITA) • Dmitri Sautin (RUS) • Ken Grove (AUT/AUS) • Andrey Ignatenko (UKR) • Marion Reiff (AUT)
STOP 6: SPAIN Claudio de Miro (ITA) • Julian Llinas (ESP) • Anke Piper (GER) • Slava Polyeshchuk (UKR) • Sara Massenz (ITA)
STOP 7: BRAZIL Claudio de Miro (ITA) • Greg Louganis (USA) • Steve Foley (AUS) • Ken Grove (AUT/AUS) • Antonio Martinez (MEX)
- Five judges will score each dive based on a scale of 0 to 10 in half-point increments.
- Each judge will score the dives without assistance.
- Judges will not display scores until directed to do so by the announcer.
- Total points shall be tabulated at the scoring table according to the following. The highest and the lowest judges’ scores will be discarded. The remaining three scores will be added and multiplied by the degree of difficulty for that dive. This will produce the total score for each dive. The total score of all dives performed will be added together to produce the overall total for the competition for each diver.
- Balks will constitute a deduction from each judge's score as directed by the Head Judge. The dive will be scored as usual and the announcer will deduct two points from each judge's score.
Rulebook In Brief
- Divers perform four dives from a height ranging from 26-28m. There are a total of nine groups: front, back, reverse, inward, front twists, back twists, reverse twists, inward twists and all armstand dives. The two required dives must be performed from different take-off positions. There are five take-off positions (front, back, reverse, inward and armstand). The degree of difficulty for each required dive is 3.8. To clarify: front double half twist and front double 1½ twist are different groups, but the same take-off position. If a dive has less degree of difficulty, it will still be 3.8.
- The two optional dives must be from different groups from the 9 groups mentioned above. In addition, the optional dives must be done in alternating order every competition. For example: a diver’s two optional dives are quad half and back triple triple. If he chooses the quad half as his first optional dive in the first competition of the series, then he must choose back triple triple in the next competition he competes in and keep alternating his optional dives until the end of the season, even if he missed one or more competitions in between. Starting from 2013, the required dives must also be performed in alternating order every competition. This rule is also effective for wildcard divers who compete more than once in the Series. If a diver performs different dives altogether, the new dive he uses can only be done first if it is from a different group (of the nine groups) than he performed first in the previous competition.
- A list of dives for each diver shall consist of two required dives of constant degree of difficulty for every athlete (3.8), and two optional dives assigned a degree of difficulty computed from the 2010 HDA table.
- The divers can change the second optional dive, before the fourth and last round. The head judge must be notified before the beginning of the round. None of the dives can be repeated. If you repeat your optional dive then a penalty applies to the second dive, which will be given a DD of 3.8. In addition, should the group of the two optional dives be the same, the DD is also 3.8.
- The first required dive will be done after a short warm-up on the second training day. This is already part of the competition and will count 100% towards the total score. After this first round of dives, training can resume. The next day will have a short warm-up period followed by two dives (one required, one optional dive) in head-to-head format. The final dive will be done by the top eight divers (the winners of the head-to-heads plus one lucky loser) in reverse order, according to their cumulative score from the first three dives. Balks will receive a two-point deduction from each judge for the first balk. Another two-point deduction for the second balk and be considered a failed dive on the third balk. A balk is considered an interruption in movement after the diver does his press immediately before the dive. For armstand dives it is the point when both feet leave the platform.
- Running take-offs on forward dive groups (including twists) are allowed, given there is enough space for the approach.
- If the diver enters the water with his hands up on a feet-first entry, he can only get a maximum score of five points from each judge. Five points would mean a perfect execution of the entire dive with the exception of the arms. If arms are at or below shoulder height but not in alignment with the body (straight arms either in front or on the side of the body), judges can deduct between ½ to 2 points at their discretion, according to the degree of the mistake.
- A break in position at or just before entry can have a deduction of ½ to 3 points at the judge’s discretion. An intermediate break of position can receive no more than 4.5 points from each judge. If a dive is done in a completely different position than announced: for example back triple tuck instead of back triple pike, the dive can only receive a maximum of two points.
- All dives submitted in a list must consist of at least 180 degrees of rotation around a horizontal axis.
- Otherwise general and known diving rules and guidelines set by FINA apply.
Outstanding achievements, broken records, unforgettable moments – cliff diving's heroes have them all...
Maui’s last independent ruler was famous for the 'Lele Kawa' which loosely translates as 'leaping feet-first from a high cliff into the water without making a splash' and used cliff diving as a form of initiation for his warriors. Kahekili's leap at Kaunolu has always been regarded as holy. To this day, his name is connected with the earliest beginnings of this extreme sport back in the 18th century.
Enrique Apac Rios
Rios was only 13 years old when, in 1934, he became the first person to leap off the notorious La Quebrada (The Break) in Acapulco. The Mexican cliffs have been famous ever since.
In 1985, the American dived from a height of 36.8m at Ocean Park in Hong Kong – a height no other female diver has ever attained – not even Anna Bader, the four-time European High Diving Champion.
The stuntman from Switzerland performed a double back somersault from 53.9m in Villers-le-Lac, France in 1987. This stands as the current world record and may never be beaten.
It’s not only Orlando's 10 world championship titles that make him a living legend – he also achieved a perfect dive during the Cliff Diving World Championships in Kaunolu, Hawaii, in 2000. His double back somersault with four twists from 24.4m earned a perfect 10 from all seven judges and scored 159.00 points. Having won the first of nine world championships, Orlando would later become the inaugural Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series champion in 2009.
The three-time Red Bull Cliff Diving World Series champion achieved two world premieres in the space of a year between August 2009 and July 2010. The Englishman performed the most difficult dive in the sport’s history on August 8, 2009, in Antalya (TUR). With a degree of difficulty of 6.3, the back triple somersault with four twists – the triple quad – was the first dive conceived exclusively for cliff diving. 11 months later, in Polignano a Mare (ITA), he executed the two-and-a-half twisting quad, incorporating the sport’s first ever running take-off in order to add an extra twist on top of the four somersaults.